Last update: Feb 6, 2023
200status when the backend returns a
2017/01/19 - 10:31:27 | 200 | 1.134431ms | ::1 | POST /users
The gateway will default sending an HTTP status 200 if the backend returns a 200 or a 201. You can change this strategy
500status when the backend returns anything but
2017/01/19 - 10:31:37 | 500 | 1.007191ms | ::1 | POST /users_ko
The gateway will default send a 500 HTTP status code if the backend returns any status above 400. You can change this strategy.
503errors in the logs
2016/11/13 - 18:01:18 | 200 | 5.352143ms | ::1 | GET /frontpage 2016/11/13 - 18:01:18 | 503 | 5.662µs | ::1 | GET /frontpage 2016/11/13 - 18:01:18 | 503 | 5.662µs | ::1 | GET /frontpage
max_rate setting defines the maximum number of requests allowed in a single second to an endpoint or backend. When this number is reached, subsequent connections are rejected with a
503 error. This limitation is optional and is usually set to avoid hammering your own backends and compromising their stability.
max_rate number or disable it (
max_rate = 0). This setting can be set globally for all the endpoints,
or overridden individually per endpoint.
Remember: failing fast is always better than overloading your infrastructure and degrading the quality of your entire services.
The main reasons for having responses are:
timeoutvariable. This variable is usually written in a magnitude of milliseconds.
See the solutions below.
When there is a timeout, you’ll see the
context deadline exceeded in the log, which means only one thing: KrakenD couldn’t get the info on time (because of a network problem or backend slowness).
Error #01: context deadline exceeded
Whenever possible, add caching layers in your backends, scale the infrastructure, etc., so backends answer on time. Increasing the
timeout variable should always be your last option. If your backends are not able to respond in a short time, think that when you increment the timeout, what you do is block connections waiting for the backend. Memory consumption will increase, and the number of connections you can open is finite. In a gateway, your focus should be freeing the connections as soon as possible.
2000ms are not recommended.
There are other times when KrakenD cannot reach the host due to a networking issue.
Make sure your backend sources return valid JSON/XML/… data. Try any online service to check the validity and format
of the returned content. If the response of your API is a collection, e.g., response comes inside brackets
, then make sure to mark the option
Treat the response as a collection, not an object. in the form.
You start to see in the log
context canceled errors, but before the upgrade, you didn’t.
The error means that the client disconnected while consuming the content. KrakenD can only do something if a client cuts the connection in the middle of the transmission: notify it.
You are seeing these errors now because the latest versions of KrakenD refactored how the router logging worked. Before this refactor, errors like this were showing in the access log (which was an incorrect approach) instead of the application log, where they belong.
The effect is that you are seeing them for the first time, but the disconnections were always there. If you check the older access logs in the stdout (not the application log), you will still find them.
The following endpoints are reserved, and you cannot use them (unless you disable them or rename them):
/__debug/(disabled by default)
/__echo/(disabled by default)
/__stats/(disabled by default)
/__health/(can be renamed or disabled)
If you think you have found a security problem, please report us the vulnerability
The documentation is only a piece of the help you can get! Whether you are looking for Open Source or Enterprise support, see more support channels that can help you.