Understanding the behaviour
I am getting a
200 status when the backend returns a
2017/01/19 - 10:31:27 | 200 | 1.134431ms | ::1 | POST /users
By default, the gateway will always send a HTTP status 200 if the backend returns a 200 or a 201. You can inject your own HTTPStatusHandler implementation if you need a different behaviour. Check this issue comment for more details.
I am getting a
500 status when the backend returns anything but
201 or redirects
2017/01/19 - 10:31:37 | 500 | 1.007191ms | ::1 | POST /users_ko
By default, the gateway will always send a HTTP status 200 if the backend returns a 500 for any status above 400. You can inject your own HTTPStatusHandler implementation if you need a different behaviour. Check this issue comment for more details.
I am seeing frequent
503 errors in the logs
2016/11/13 - 18:01:18 | 200 | 5.352143ms | ::1 | GET /frontpage 2016/11/13 - 18:01:18 | 503 | 5.662µs | ::1 | GET /frontpage 2016/11/13 - 18:01:18 | 503 | 5.662µs | ::1 | GET /frontpage
maxRate setting defines the maximum number of requests allowed in a single second to an endpoint or backend. When this number is reached, subsequent connections are rejected with a
503 error. This limitation is optional and is usually set to avoid hammering your own backends and compromising their stability.
maxRate number or disable it (
maxRate = 0). This setting can be set globally for all the endpoints,
or overridden individually per endpoint.
Remember: failing fast is always better than overloading your infrastructure and degrading the quality of your entire services.
I am having empty responses
The main reasons for having responses are:
- Timeout when connecting the backend. The KrakenD service will cut the connection and will return and empty response if the backend does not respond in the time you set through the
timeoutvariable. This variable is usually written in magnitude of milliseconds.
- Invalid JSON/XML. When the backend received a malformed object as response and could not decode it.
See the solutions below.
Solution to cuts by timeout
Whenever possible add caching layers in your backends, scale the infrastructure, etc. so that can answer requests in a
decent time. Increasing the
timeout variable is an option but but should be always your last option. If your
backends are not able to respond in a short time think that when you increment the timeout what you really do is
to block connections waiting for the backend. The memory consumption will increase and the number of connections you can
open are finite. In a gateway your focus should be freeing the connections as soon as possible.
2000ms are not recommended.
Solution to invalid responses.
Make sure your backend sources return valid Json/Xml/… data. Try any on-line service to check the validity and format
of the returned content. If the response of your API is a collection, e.g: response comes inside brackets
, then make sure to mark the option
Treat the response as a collection, not an object. in the form.
The following names cannot be used as endpoint names as they are reserved: