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Modify requests and responses with Martian

The krakend-martian component allows you to transform requests and responses through a simple DSL definition in the configuration file. Martian works perfectly in combination with CEL verifications.

Use Martian when you want to intercept the request of the end-user and make modifications before passing the content to the backends. Also, the other way around, transform the backends response before passing it to the user.

Martian is mighty and gives you endless possibilities to control what is going in and out the gateway. Some examples of typical Martian scenarios are:

  • Set a new cookie during gateway processing
  • Add, remove or change specific headers
  • Query string additions before making the backend request (e.g., set an API key)

There are four different types of interactions you can do with Martian:

  • Modifiers: Change the state of a request or a response. For instance, you want to add a custom header in the request before sending it to a backend.
  • Filters: Add a condition to execute a contained Modifier
  • Groups: Bundle multiple operations to execute in the order specified in the group
  • Verifiers: Track network traffic against expectations

Transforming requests and responses

Add martian modifiers in your configuration under the extra_config of any endpoint using the namespace github.com/devopsfaith/krakend-martian.

Your configuration has to look as follows:

"endpoint": "/foo",
"extra_config": {
    "github.com/devopsfaith/krakend-martian": {
        // modifier configuration here
    }
}

Modifier configuration

In the examples below, you’ll find that all modifiers have a configuration key named scope. The scope indicates when to apply the modifier, it can be an array containing request, response, or both. The rest of the keys in every modifier depends on the modifier itself.

Transform headers

The header.Modifier injects a header with a specific value. For instance, the following configuration adds a header X-Martian both in the request and the response.

"endpoint": "/foo",
"extra_config": {
    "github.com/devopsfaith/krakend-martian": {
        "header.Modifier": {
          "scope": ["request", "response"],
          "name": "X-Martian",
          "value": "true"
        }
    }
}

Modify the body

Through the body.Modifier you can modify the body of the request and the response. The content of the body must be encoded in base64.

The following modifier sets the body of the request and the response to {"msg":"you rock!"}. Notice that the body field is base64 encoded.

"extra_config": {
    "github.com/devopsfaith/krakend-martian":
      {
          "body.Modifier": {
              "scope": ["request","response"],
              "body": "eyJtc2ciOiJ5b3Ugcm9jayEifQ=="
          }
      }
}

Transform the URL

The url.Modifier allows you to change settings in the URL. For instance:

"endpoint": "/foo",
"extra_config": {
    "github.com/devopsfaith/krakend-martian": {
        "url.Modifier": {
          "scope": ["request"],
          "scheme": "https",
          "host": "www.google.com",
          "path": "/proxy",
          "query": "testing=true"
        }
    }
}

Inject query string parameters

The querystring.Modifier allows you to modify query strings injecting key pairs. It can be useful if you want the Gateway to send something extra to the backends, for instance:

{
  extra_config": {
    "github.com/devopsfaith/krakend-martian": {
      "querystring.Modifier": {
        "scope": ["request"],
        "name": "api-key",
        "value": "some.api.key.here"
      }
    }
  }
}

Copying headers

Although not widely used, the header.Copy lets you duplicate a header using another name.

{
  extra_config": {
    "github.com/devopsfaith/krakend-martian": {
      "header.Copy": {
        "scope": ["request", "response"],
        "from": "Original-Header",
        "to": "Copy-Header"
        }
    }
  }
}

Apply multiple modifiers consecutively

All the examples above perform a single modification in the request or the response. However, the fifo.Group allows you to create a list of modifiers that execute consecutively. The group is needed when using more than one modifier and encapsulates all the following actions to perform in the modifiers array. You can use the FIFO group even when there is only one modifier in the list.

Example of usage (modify the body, and set a header):

"extra_config": {
    "github.com/devopsfaith/krakend-martian": {
        "fifo.Group": {
            "scope": ["request", "response"],
            "aggregateErrors": true,
            "modifiers": [
                {
                    "body.Modifier": {
                        "scope": ["request"],
                        "body": "eyJtc2ciOiJ5b3Ugcm9jayEifQ=="
                    }
                },
                {
                  "header.Modifier": {
                    "scope": ["request", "response"],
                    "name": "X-Martian",
                    "value": "true"
                  }
                }
            ]
        }
    }
}

All Martian modifiers, verifiers and filters

The Martian library comes with +25 modifiers you can use, we are not listing all the options in the documentation. Instead, we provided the modifiers that are key when using Martian.

For the complete list of modifiers and usage see Google’s Martian repository. These are the packages included in KrakenD-CE:

Building new modifiers

There will be times when you want to create a new modifier that covers your specific use case and does some other dynamic operations. Creating more modifiers is a straightforward process and only requires to make the gateway once you have it coded.

Nothing better than an example to demonstrate how to create a new modifier. Our SRE Director (who wasn’t familiar with Go) went through the process of creating a new Modifier that would authenticate automatically against the Marvel API adding an API Key, a timestamp and a calculated hash.

Read it here (contains the source code): Martian example: Adding automatic API authentication

Unresolved issues?

The documentation is only a piece of the help you can get! Whether you are looking for Open Source or Enterprise support, see more support channels that can help you.